13 Common Oven Problems and How To Fix Them (Gas & Electric)

most common oven problems and how to repair them
Table of Contents

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How a Gas and Electric Oven Works

Gas and electric ovens are two common types of cooking appliances found in households around the world. While they may operate differently, their primary purpose remains the same – to provide a source of heat for cooking and baking. Understanding how these ovens work is essential when troubleshooting any issues that may arise.

Starting with gas ovens, they rely on a steady supply of natural gas or propane to generate heat. The gas flows into the oven through a pipeline connected to the main gas line in your home.

From there, it enters the burner assembly located at the bottom of the oven cavity. The burner contains small holes or jets that release the gas, which is then ignited by an electric spark or pilot flame.

To regulate temperature, gas ovens feature a thermostat that measures and controls the amount of gas flowing into the burner assembly. When you set a specific temperature on your oven’s control panel, it sends signals to the thermostat, dictating how much heat should be produced.

Once this desired temperature is reached, the thermostat signals to reduce or cut off fuel flow until it falls below the set point again. Now let’s shift our focus to electric ovens.

Electric ovens utilize electrical elements – typically located at both top and bottom – to generate heat for cooking purposes. These heating elements consist of metal coils designed to become hot when an electrical current passes through them.

Similar to gas ovens, electric models also employ thermostats to regulate temperature settings accurately. When you select a specific temperature on your control panel, electricity flows through these heating elements until they reach their designated level of warmth.

Once this target temperature is attained, electricity flow is reduced or interrupted by the thermostat until additional heat is required. Whether you have a gas or electric oven in your kitchen arsenal, understanding how they work provides insight into their intricate mechanisms and aids in identifying potential problems more effectively.

Safety Precautions When Troubleshooting an Oven

When troubleshooting an oven, it is crucial to prioritize safety to avoid any potential hazards or accidents. Here are some important safety precautions to keep in mind:

First and foremost, always ensure that the oven is disconnected from its power supply before attempting any troubleshooting or repairs. This can be done by either unplugging the oven or switching off the circuit breaker dedicated to it.

This step will prevent any electrical shocks or injuries. Before inspecting the oven’s internal components, let it cool down completely to avoid burns or injuries caused by hot surfaces.

If you suspect an issue with the igniter, it is recommended to contact a professional gas technician for further assistance. Additionally, if there are concerns about gas leaks or unusual odors during operation, ensure proper ventilation in your kitchen and contact a professional immediately.

Pro Tip: Adhering to these precautions will help prevent accidents and ensure effective resolution of common issues like inaccurate temperature readings or faulty seals. Remember that when in doubt regarding technical aspects or complex repairs, it is always best to seek assistance from a trained professional technician who possesses expertise in oven repair and maintenance.

1. Oven Not Heating Up

There can be various underlying causes for this common oven issue, and understanding them will empower you to address the problem effectively. Firstly, in a gas oven, ensure that the gas supply is turned on and that there are no obstructions in the gas line.

If the oven display is not responding or showing error codes, it might indicate a faulty control board or wiring issue that requires professional attention. Additionally, verify that the oven’s ventilation system is working properly, as poor ventilation can affect heating performance.

In an electric oven, if you find that it is not heating up at all, it could be due to a malfunctioning heating element. To test this, turn off the power supply and inspect both the bake and broil elements visually for any signs of damage such as visible cracks or breaks.

If any issues are detected with either element, replacement will likely be necessary. Another potential culprit for an electric oven’s failure to heat up could be a faulty temperature sensor.

This sensor monitors the internal temperature of the oven and communicates it to the control board. If it malfunctions or becomes inaccurate over time, it can result in improper temperature readings and may prevent your oven from reaching desired levels of heat.

Pro Tip: Regardless of whether you have a gas or electric oven model, inspecting the door seal is crucial when troubleshooting heating issues. A worn-out or damaged door seal can lead to heat escaping from your oven during operation which affects its ability to reach desired temperatures efficiently.

2. Uneven Heating Inside the Oven

working broil element inside an oven

One common reason is a bad or broken heating element. In an electric oven, the heating element is responsible for generating heat.

If it becomes faulty or damaged, it may not distribute heat evenly throughout the oven cavity. To troubleshoot this problem, start by visually inspecting the heating element for any signs of damage, such as visible cracks or breaks.

Another potential cause of uneven heating is a malfunctioning thermostat or temperature sensor. These components regulate the temperature inside the oven and ensure that it remains at the desired level. If they are not functioning properly, they may cause fluctuations in temperature and lead to uneven cooking results.

To check if your thermostat or temperature sensor is working correctly, you can use an oven thermometer to compare the actual temperature inside the oven with what is displayed on the control panel. If there is a significant discrepancy between the two readings, it may indicate a problem with these components.

Furthermore, improper placement of oven racks can also contribute to uneven heating. Ensure that your oven racks are arranged correctly according to your recipe instructions or manufacturer’s recommendations for optimal heat distribution.

Pro Tip: By addressing these problems through DIY troubleshooting techniques such as inspecting and replacing damaged components or rearranging racks appropriately, you may be able to restore evenness in cooking results without requiring professional assistance from an oven technician.

3. Oven Takes Too Long to Preheat

Firstly, check if your electric oven is receiving proper power supply. A faulty outlet or a tripped circuit breaker could be the culprit behind the slow preheating.

Ensure that the power source is stable and providing adequate voltage for the oven to function optimally. Next, inspect the heating element of your oven.

In an electric oven, both bake and broil elements play a crucial role in achieving the desired temperature quickly. If either of them is faulty or damaged, it can significantly impact the preheating time.

Look for any signs of visible damage or uneven heating on these elements and replace them if needed. Another factor to consider is whether you’re adjusting your cooking times according to the specific needs of your oven.

Some ovens require more time than others to reach their set temperature due to variations in insulation or general performance. Experiment with adjusting your cooking times slightly longer than usual and see if there’s any improvement in preheating speed.

Ensure that the door hinge of your oven is functioning properly. An ill-fitting door can result in heat escaping from the oven cavity, leading to longer preheating times as it struggles to maintain the desired temperature.

Inspect for any loose or damaged hinges and make necessary adjustments or replacements. By troubleshooting these potential causes, you can effectively address an electric oven that takes too long to preheat and get back on track with efficient cooking times.

4. Inaccurate Oven Temperature

One possible cause of inaccurate oven temperature is a faulty temperature sensor. This component measures the actual temperature inside the oven cavity. If the reading doesn’t match the recommended range, replacing the sensor may be necessary. 

Another cause for an inaccurate oven temperature could be a bad bake heating element. In electric ovens, these elements are responsible for generating heat. If they become faulty or damaged, they may not heat up properly or distribute heat unevenly throughout the oven cavity, leading to inconsistent temperatures.

Pro Tip: Adjusting cooking times based on your observations during meal preparation might help compensate for slight discrepancies in temperature accuracy until you have resolved the underlying issue with your oven. While these troubleshooting steps should help resolve most cases of inaccurate oven temperatures in gas and electric ovens, if you are unsure about performing these tasks yourself or if they do not resolve the problem adequately, it is advisable to contact the expertise of an oven repair technician.

5. Oven Not Baking or Broiling

If your oven isn’t baking or broiling, it’s important to check the heating elements. In electric ovens, there are typically two heating elements – one at the top (broil element) and one at the bottom (bake element).

Start by visually inspecting them for any signs of damage or disconnection. If you notice any issues, such as visible breaks or burnt areas on the elements, they may need to be replaced.

In gas ovens, the problem might be a faulty igniter. The igniter is responsible for lighting the gas and creating the necessary heat for baking or broiling.

A malfunctioning igniter can prevent your oven from reaching the desired temperature. To troubleshoot this issue, listen for a clicking sound when you turn on the oven – this indicates that the igniter is attempting to ignite the gas.

If no clicking sound is heard or if it occurs repeatedly without success, it’s likely that the igniter needs replacement. Additionally, it’s crucial to ensure that there are no problems with your control panel settings.

Pro Tip: Remember that safety should always be prioritized when troubleshooting any oven-related issues. Before attempting any repairs yourself, make sure you turn off all power sources and refer to professional assistance if needed.

6. Oven Door Won’t Close Properly

Oven door won't close

One of the most frustrating issues that can occur with an oven is when the door won’t close properly. This can lead to heat escaping from the oven, resulting in uneven cooking and wasted energy. There are a few potential causes for this problem, but one of the most common is a worn or damaged door seal.

The door seal is responsible for creating an airtight seal when the oven is closed, and if it leaks, it can prevent the door from closing fully. To check if the door seal is faulty, visually inspect it for any signs of wear or tears.

If you notice any damage, you will need to replace the seal. Another possible reason for an oven door not closing properly could be an issue with the hinges.

Over time, hinges can become loose or misaligned, causing the door to hang unevenly or not close flush against the oven cavity. To address this problem, start by inspecting the hinges for any visible signs of damage or wear.

If necessary, tighten any loose screws or bolts that hold them in place. Additionally, check that there are no obstructions preventing smooth movement of the hinges.

Lubricating them with a silicone-based lubricant may help improve their functionality. When encountering an oven with a door that won’t close properly, it is important to first inspect and potentially replace a faulty door seal if needed.

7. Self-Cleaning Function Not Working

One common issue is a control panel reset. To perform a control panel reset, start by turning off the oven’s power supply at the circuit breaker for a few minutes and then turning it back on. This simple step can often resolve minor glitches or errors within the oven’s electronic system.

If a control panel reset doesn’t solve the problem, you can proceed with selector switch troubleshooting. Start by checking if the selector switch is functioning correctly by turning it to different settings and observing any changes in behavior.

If you notice any inconsistencies or if the display on your oven is not responding as expected, there may be an issue with the selector switch itself. In this case, it may be necessary to replace the faulty switch to restore proper functionality.

Another potential cause of self-cleaning function failure could be related to the control board wiring. Inspect all wiring connections to ensure they are secure and undamaged.

Loose or damaged wires can disrupt communication between components and render certain functions inoperable. If any issues are found, carefully reconnect or repair damaged wires following appropriate safety precautions outlined in your oven’s manual.

8. Oven Light Not Working

oven light working after repair

Check to ensure that the oven light bulb hasn’t burned out. The bulb may need to be replaced if it has reached the end of its lifespan.

Locate the light cover inside the oven and carefully remove it by unscrewing or sliding it off, depending on your oven’s design. Take note of the type of bulb used (usually incandescent or halogen) and replace it with a new one of the same wattage.

If replacing the bulb doesn’t fix the issue, there may be a problem with the oven light socket or wiring. Carefully inspect both for any signs of damage or loose connections.

If you notice any frayed wires or loose terminals, it’s important to turn off power to the oven before attempting any repairs. You might need to consult a professional oven technician if you’re not comfortable dealing with electrical components.

In some cases, an issue with the control panel could also be responsible for a non-functioning oven light. Try performing a control panel reset by turning off power to the appliance for a few minutes and then turning it back on again.

This reset can sometimes resolve minor glitches in electronics. Remember, safety is paramount when troubleshooting any issues with your oven’s electrical components.

Pro Tip: Always disconnect power from your appliance before attempting any repairs or inspections involving wiring and connections. When faced with an oven light that isn’t working properly, start by checking whether the bulb needs replacement and ensure that there are no visible issues with sockets or wiring connections.

9. Strange Odor During Oven Use

Odors can be unpleasant and may indicate a potential problem that needs to be addressed promptly. The causes of strange odors during oven use can vary, but often they are attributable to certain elements or components within the oven.

In some cases, the odor may be caused by residue or spillage on the oven walls or floor. Over time, food particles and grease can accumulate and burn when the oven is heated, emitting a distinct smell.

Ensuring proper cleaning and maintenance of your oven can help prevent such odors from occurring. Regularly inspecting and cleaning the oven racks, as well as rearranging them to avoid any contact with heating elements, is essential.

Another possible cause of strange odors is a malfunctioning bake or broil element. If these elements are not functioning properly, they may emit unusual smells when heated.

In such cases, it is crucial to have these elements inspected by a professional technician who can identify any faults and replace them if necessary. 

10. Oven Door Glass Fogged or Stained

This can be both frustrating and unsightly, as it obstructs the view of the food being cooked inside. The fogging or staining can happen due to a variety of reasons, including condensation build-up, grease splatters, and food residue.

To address this problem, start by removing any food residue or grease splatters from the oven door glass. Use a soft cloth dampened with warm water and mild dish soap to gently wipe away any debris.

Avoid using abrasive cleaners or harsh chemicals that could damage the glass. If the fogging persists after cleaning, it might be due to condensation build-up inside the double-pane glass.

In some cases, this issue can only be resolved by replacing the entire oven door unit. However, before taking such drastic measures, it’s worth checking if there is any damage to the seal between the panes of glass.

Inspect for any cracks or gaps that could allow moisture to seep in and cause fogging. If any issues are found with the seal or gasket, it is advisable to consult a professional oven technician for repair.

Pro Tip: Regularly clean and maintain your oven according to manufacturer guidelines to ensure optimal performance and reduce potential problems like this one. Remember that addressing issues promptly will not only enhance your cooking experience but also prolongs the lifespan of your appliance while ensuring safety in its operation.

11. Oven Display or Controls Not Responding

One possible cause for an unresponsive oven display is a power supply problem. Ensure that the oven is properly plugged into a functioning outlet and that there are no visible signs of damage or loose connections in the power cord.

If everything seems in order, it may be worth checking the circuit breaker to see if it has tripped or if there is a blown fuse. Resetting the breaker or replacing the fuse could potentially restore power to your oven.

If the power supply seems fine, another potential reason could be an issue with the control board wiring. Over time, wires can become loose or damaged due to wear and tear.

Carefully inspect the control board for any signs of loose connections or burnt wires. In some cases, gently reseating any loose wires may rectify the problem.

However, if you notice any severe damage to the wiring, it would be best to consult a professional oven repairman for further assistance. In addition to these troubleshooting steps, some ovens have a control panel reset feature that may help regain functionality.

Pro Tip: Refer to your oven’s user manual for specific instructions on how to perform this reset procedure as it may vary depending on the make and model. In situations where none of these steps solve the issue at hand, it might be necessary to call upon a professional technician who specializes in oven repairs.

12. Oven Produces Excessive Smoke

When faced with such a situation, it is crucial to address the issue promptly to ensure your safety and prevent any damage to the appliance. One possible reason for an oven producing excessive smoke is the accumulation of grease and food residue on the oven walls, racks, or heating elements.

Over time, these deposits can become heated during cooking and result in smoke being emitted into the air. To remedy this, thorough cleaning is essential.

Start by removing all removable parts such as racks and trays, then using an appropriate oven cleaner or a mixture of baking soda and water, scrub the interior surfaces to remove any built-up grime. Pay particular attention to the heating elements as they are often prone to accumulating grease.

Additionally, it is vital to inspect your oven’s ventilation system when dealing with excess smoke issues. A properly functioning ventilation system helps eliminate odors and prevents smoke buildup inside the oven cavity during cooking processes.

Check for any blockages or obstructions in the vent hood or filters that might impede airflow. Cleaning or replacing clogged filters can significantly improve ventilation efficiency.

If you have an electric oven that produces excessive smoke, it could indicate a problem with either the bake or broil element. These elements are responsible for generating heat within the oven chamber during cooking cycles.

13. Oven Won’t Heat Past 100

Start by checking the igniter functionality, as a faulty igniter may prevent the oven from reaching higher temperatures. Igniters can degrade over time and may need to be replaced if they fail to reach the necessary level of heat to ignite the gas.

In such cases, it is essential to prioritize safety above all else and contact a qualified expert to handle repairs. For electric ovens that won’t heat beyond 100 degrees, quick troubleshooting steps should be taken.

Begin by verifying proper oven ventilation to ensure there are no blockages obstructing air circulation that could impact heating performance. Additionally, check for any potential issues with the heating element.

A defective or burned-out heating element may prevent your electric oven from reaching higher temperatures. Another factor that can impact temperature regulation is door seal leaks.

Inspect if there are any gaps or tears in the door gasket that could let hot air escape and hinder proper heating. If necessary, replace the door seal to maintain optimal temperature control within the oven cavity.

When to Call a Professional Oven Repair in Toronto

when should you call an expert oven repair in toronto - get a pro appliance repair

When it comes to troubleshooting oven problems, there are instances where it is best to call a professional oven technician. While there are many issues that can be resolved through DIY methods, some problems require specialized knowledge and equipment to fix safely and effectively. One situation in which calling a professional oven technician is advisable is when dealing with electrical or gas-related issues.

If you suspect a problem with the power supply of your electric oven or notice any irregularities in the gas flow of your gas oven, it is crucial to seek professional help. Handling electrical components without the necessary expertise can be dangerous and may lead to further damage or even injury.

Similarly, working with gas appliances requires specific training and certification due to safety concerns associated with potential leaks or malfunctions. Another scenario in which calling an expert is recommended is when the issue persists despite attempts at troubleshooting.

When you face electric oven problems that appear to be beyond your expertise, there’s no need to worry. Get A Pro Canada is here to offer the specialized assistance you require. Our team of highly proficient technicians is prepared to provide swift and dependable electric oven repair services.

Whether you’re located in the city of Etobicoke, the neighborhoods of Pickering and Markham, or in Vaughan, we’ve got you covered for professional electric oven installation or repair in Ontario.

You can reach us at 1-800-498-4490 or complete our contact form to arrange a same-day appointment. Our unwavering commitment to excellence, professionalism, and customer satisfaction ensures that your electric oven issues will be addressed with precision and diligence


Understanding and troubleshooting common oven problems can save you time, money, and frustration. By following the steps outlined in this comprehensive guide, you can address issues such as oven not heating up, uneven heating inside the oven, inaccurate oven temperature, and many more.

To resolve problems related to heating issues in gas or electric ovens, it is essential to check various components such as the bake or broil elements, selector switch, and even temperature controls calibration. Additionally, common solutions like preheating the oven properly or rearranging oven racks can help improve overall cooking performance.

While some issues may be resolved through simple fixes like control panel resets or light bulb replacements for an unresponsive display or a dimly lit oven interior light respectively; other problems such as strange odors during oven use or door seal leaks might require professional attention. It is crucial to know when to call a professional technician who can safely diagnose and repair complex internal mechanisms like the door lock mechanism in self-cleaning ovens.

By being proactive about maintaining your oven’s functionality and addressing potential problems promptly, you can enjoy efficient cooking experiences without any interruptions. Remember that safety precautions should always be followed when troubleshooting an appliance like an oven.

With this comprehensive guide at your disposal, you now have a valuable resource to refer to whenever encountering any of these common issues with your gas or electric oven. By implementing proper maintenance practices and utilizing the tips provided here effectively, you’ll ensure that your culinary adventures are always delightful and hassle-free!


What are common reasons for an oven not heating properly?

Faulty heating element, issues with the oven igniter (for gas ovens), a malfunctioning thermostat, or problems with the oven control board. Checking and potentially replacing these components can often resolve heating issues.

Can I troubleshoot issues with oven door seals on my own?

Yes, you can troubleshoot issues with oven door seals by visually inspecting for any visible damage, cleaning the gasket with mild soapy water, and ensuring the door closes tightly. Replace damaged or worn-out door seals to maintain proper insulation and improve heating efficiency.

Are there DIY solutions for addressing problems with oven fan or convection settings?

Yes, for issues with the oven fan or convection settings, ensure that the fan is not obstructed and rotates freely. Clean the fan blades and surrounding areas. If problems persist, refer to the oven’s manual for specific troubleshooting steps related to the fan and convection settings.

How do I handle issues with the oven’s self-cleaning function?

Handle issues with the oven’s self-cleaning function by ensuring the oven is cool, removing excessive debris or spills, and following the manufacturer’s guidelines for the self-cleaning process. If the function fails to operate, check for error codes or refer to the manual for troubleshooting steps.

When is it advisable to seek professional help for oven problems?

Contact professional help for oven problems involving complex electrical issues, gas-related problems (for gas ovens), or if DIY troubleshooting doesn’t resolve the issue. Additionally, if the appliance is under warranty, professional assistance may be necessary to avoid voiding the warranty.

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